'Must all things swing round again for ever? Or how can one escape from the Wheel?'

~ the Welsh bard Gwion


"This was the problem of the blinded Sun-hero Samson when he was harnessed to the corn-mill of Gaza; and it should be noted that the term 'corn-mill' was applied in Greek philosophy to the revolving heavens," Robert Graves wrote in The White Goddess (p140). "Samson resolved the problem magnificently by pulling down both posts of the temple so that the roof collapsed on everyone."

Corn, like most of the elemental crops and trees, reflects on Earth the turning of the the Cosmic Mill in the heavens.

"... we know that the Queen of the Circling Universe, Eurynome, alias Cardea, was identical with Rhea of Crete; thus Rhea lived at the axle of the mill, whirling round without motion, as well as on the Galaxy," Graves wrote (p179). "This suggests that in a later mythological tradition the sacred king went to serve her at the Mill, not in the Castle; for Samson after his blinding and enervation turned a mill in Delilah's prison-house. Another name for the Goddess of the Mill was Artemis Calliste, or Callisto ('Most Beautiful'), to whom the she-bear was sacrificed in Arcadia.... The Great She-bear and Little She-bear are still the names of the two constellations that turn the mill around."

T H E    C O R N    M O T H E R .

Road of Life.

Hopi use consecrated cornmeal to draw the Road of Life in the kiva.

"Roads and trails are blocked to passage of all living creatures by lines of cornmeal on the night of terror and mystery during Wúwuchim. Kachina dancers are welcomed with sprinkles of cornmeal," according to The Book of the Hopi (p164). "Baskets and plaques of cornmeal are common offerings during all rituals. The rising sun is greeted with cornmeal. Ears of colored corn designate the six directions and are stacked at the base of the chief's altar. To the staff of the Áholi Kachina are tied seven Corn Mothers. A Corn Mother is fastened to the sacred mongko the 'law of laws.' Corn kernels, stalks, leaves, meal, and pollen are ritually used."